بقلم: أ. د/ عبد الحميد عبد الله الهرامة
تاريــــخ النشر: (2018-04-15)
تم عرض هذه الصفحة (1374) مرة/مرات
By: Dr Abdulhamid Al Harramah, Dean, Islamic Call College, Tripoli,Libya
Translated into English by: Dr Mohamed A. Ashiurakis
Perhaps your rhetoric on the concept of jihad in Islam was just a mere fanaticism for your religion or a misleading of information reiterated by enemies of Islam. However, to consider such a rhetoric as the truth is entirely remote from reality.
The truth about jihad in Islam is:
- 1. According to the original sources of Islam, the term ‘jihad’ linguistically means neither war nor fighting. It stands for‘ exerting the maximum effort for any type of work‘. The Great Jihad is cited in the Qur’an prior to the permission for fighting. Allah says in the Qur’an: (Al Furqan, Surah 52) “…strive against them (the Unbelievers) with the utmost strenuousness, with the (Qur’an)”Thus, to equate the term ‘jihad’ with the term ‘fighting‘ is utterly a misconception. However, when fighting becomes necessarily legitimate, exerting every effort towards it is then deemed logically required.
- 2. The legitimate purpose of fighting in Islam is to repulse injustice. Assessing the intensity of fighting in such a situation is based on the equivalent degree of repulsion. Fighting to a degree exceeding that of the equivalent hostilities is forbidden. Allah says: (Al Hajj 39)“Permission (to fight) is given to those whose war is made because they are oppressed, and most surely Allah is well able to assist them”Allah also says: (Al Baqarah,194) “Whoever then acts aggressively against you, inflict injury he has inflicted on you and be careful (of your duty) to Allah and know that Allah is with those who guard (against evil)”In addition, Allah Almighty says: (Al Baqarah 193)“There should be no hostility except against the oppressors“
Surely, you know the tragic fate of Muslim children, women and men in Burma, Central Africa and Bosnia and Herzegovina who have been murdered at the hands of their tyrant dictators for no reason other than their being Muslims. In addition, surely you know what is written in the scriptures of other religions which blatantly call for aggression against their non-believers! Compare all the above with the justice of Islam.
- 3.The most instigative Quranic Surah (verse) against fighting is Al Tubah which has frequently been unjustly and fallaciously exploited. It adheres to the same Islamic approach to fighting. This Surah sets three reasons for such a type of fighting. Allah says: (Al Tubah 13) “What! Will you not fight a people who broke their oaths and aimed at the expulsion of the Apostle, and they attacked you first“. But for those strong reasons, an instigation for fighting those people would not have been ordained.
- 4. If non-Muslims do not break their oaths with Muslims, drive Muslims out of their homes and countries, nor they start war, fighting them will then be forbidden by Islamic law.
- 5. As for calls for peace, there are plenty of them cited in the Quran. Allah says: (Al Anfaal 61)“Oh you who believe! Enter into submission one and all and do not follow the footsteps of Shaitan (Satan); surely he is your enemy”
- 6. The Quran plainly declares that there will be no love for any aggressors, be it Muslims or others. Allah says: (Al Baqarah 190) “And fight in the way of Allah those who fight with you, and do not exceed the limits” Historically, Al Baqarah Surah is known to have been revealed in Yathrib (now Al Madinah) instead of Mecca. Accordingly, this refutes the speaker’s claim which contends that the call for peace was in Mecca whereas the call for war was in Al Madinah.
- 7. Even if the enemies of Islam broke their oaths, Islam would still provide ample opportunity for the traitor to retract and repent. Allah says: (Al Anfaal 58) “And if you fear treachery on the part of a people then throw back to them on terms of equality; surely Allah does not love the treacherous“.
- 8. Although the Prophet’s biography and Sunnah (Islam’s way of life) are no match for the Quran, they strictly follow its teachings. As for the Prophet’s biography, it tells you that most of his battles such as Badr, Uhud, and Al Khandaq (the Trench or Battle of the Confederates) took place around the perimeter of Yathrib (now Al Madinah). When the Prophet was about to enter Mecca, he said, “We have not come to fight anyone, but to perform the “Umra ” (lesser pilgrimage). No doubt, the war has weakened Quraish (the Prophet’s tribe) and they have suffered great losses, so if they wish, I will conclude a truce with them, during which they should refrain from interfering between me and the people (i.e., the Arab infidels other than Quraish)”, i.e., In order not to prevent me from inviting people to the way of Allah with wisdom and excellent. admonition.
- 9.Talking about this topic may go on and on. However, you are advised to contemplate these words in (Al Bagarah, Surah 256). Allah says: “There is no compulsion in religion; truly the right way has come clearly distinct from error”. This Surah was revealed in Al Madinah which you claimed it is devoted to war and aggression and not to peace and security. You are advised to search for the interpretation of this Quranic Surah (Younis 99): “If your Lord had pleased, surely all those who are in the earth would have believed, all of them; will tou then force men till they become believers?“Likewise, you are also advised to search for the meaning of this Surahs (Al Ghashiyah 22 – 23) “Therefore do remind, for you are only a reminder”. “You are not a watcher over them”. In other words, the Prophet’s mission was specifically confined to admonition and not to commanding. On this meaning, read the Quranic Surah (Qaf 45) so as to know the specific mission of Allah’s Messenger which was not compulsion in religion in both periods of Mecca and Al Madinah alike. In this Surah, Allah says: “We know best what they say; and you are not one to compel them; therefore remind him by means of the Quran who fears My threat“.
- 10. As to the offenders’ treatment, complete justice is ordained by Allah Almighty in this Quranic Surah (Al Kafiroon 6): “You shall have your religion and I shall have my religion”, as well as in this Surah (Al – An’aam 107) “And if Allah had pleased, they would not have set up others (with Him) and We have not appointed you a keeper over them,and you are not placed in charge of them”
This is the pacifist Islam which is the defender of its dignity. However, you have wished that the Muslims would be submissive and subservient to you without any resistance; that they would not repel your aggression, nor would they defend themselves so as to obtain their good conduct credentials from you! There is no way that they would follow your religion!